Archive for the ‘Current Affairs’ Category

The Supreme Court of India

Supreme Court of IndiaThe Supreme Court of India is the highest judicial forum and final court of appeal under the Constitution of India, the highest constitutional court, with the power of constitutional review. It comprises the Chief Justice of India and 30 other judges (30+1). It has original, appellate and advisory jurisdictions.

In 1861 the Indian High Courts Act 1861 was enacted to create High Courts for various provinces and abolished Supreme Courts at Calcutta, Madras and Bombay and also the Sadar Adalats in Presidency towns which had acted as the highest court in their respective regions. These new High Courts had the distinction of being the highest Courts for all cases till the creation of Federal Court of India under the Government of India Act 1935. The Federal Court had jurisdiction to solve disputes between provinces and federal states and hear appeal against Judgments from High Courts.

The Supreme Court of India came into being on 28 January 1950. It replaced both the Federal Court of India and the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council which were at the apex of the Indian court system.

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January 15 – Indian Army Day

Indian ArmyArmy Day is celebrated on 15 January every year in India, in recognition of Lieutenant General (later Field Marshal) K. M. Cariappa’s taking over as the first Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Army from General Sir Francis Butcher, the last British Commander-in-Chief of India, on 15 January 1949. The day is celebrated in the form of parades and other military shows in the national capital New Delhi as well as all headquarters.

Army Day marks a day to salute the valiant soldiers who sacrificed their lives to protect the country and the people living in it.

 

Bharat Ratna (2014) for Vajpayee and Madan Mohan Malaviya

Bharat RatnaBharat Ratna is the highest civilian award of the Republic of India. Instituted on 2 January 1954, the award is conferred “in recognition of exceptional service / performance of the highest order”, without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex. The award was originally limited to achievements in the arts, literature, science and public services but the government expanded the criteria to include “any field of human endeavour” in December 2011. Recommendations for the Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister to the President, with a maximum of three nominees being awarded per year.

This year (2014) Former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, a charismatic practitioner of consensual politics who found acceptability across the political spectrum, was picked for the country’s highest civilian honour Bharat Ratna, an award that was also bestowed on late freedom fighter and Hindu Mahasabha leader Madan Mohan Malviya. Malviya was a multifaceted personality. He was an educationist who founded the Banaras Hindu University and became one of the torchbearers of the freedom struggle acting as a bridge between the Moderates and the Extremists.

In 2013, the award (Bharat Rathna) was conferred to cricketer Sachin Tendulkar and scientist C.N.R Rao.

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Miss World 2014 – Rolene Strauss (South Africa)

South African beauty Rolene Strauss was today crowned Miss World 2014 at a glittering ceremony in London as India’s Koyal Rana lost out, finishing in the top 10.

Strauss of South Africa is crowned Miss World 2014 at the ExCel Centre in east London

22-year-old Strauss, a medical student, beat 121 contestants across the globe to the coveted title and was presented with the sash by the outgoing Miss World, Megan Young of the Philippines.

Miss Hungary, Edina Kulcsar, was the runner-up in the contest and Miss United States, Elizabeth Safrit, came in third as an estimated billion viewers watched the finale on television around the globe. Priyanka Chopra was the last Indian winner of the coveted title in 2000.

21-year-old Jaipur-born Rana made it to the top 10 but failed to make it to the top five. Rana, however, bagged the sub-title of Best Designer of the world where she was seen standing gorgeously tall in a Falguni & Shane Peacock gown. She also shared the “Beauty with a Purpose” title with Kenya, Guyana, Brazil and Indonesia.

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Manorama Yearbook 2015 (English,Tamil, Hindi, Bengali, Malayalam) 50th Edition – by Mammen Mathew (Malayala Manorama Co. Ltd)

Manorama Yearbook 2015 (English,Tamil, Hindi, Malayalam, Bengali) 50th Edition – by Mammen Mathew (Malayala Manorama Co. Ltd)

Manorama Yearbook 2015Manorama Yearbook is celebrating its 50thyear of publication. The largest-selling General Knowledge Compendium is one of the most comprehensive books used by students, teachers, researchers, media persons, planners, lay-people alike, covers a wide-spectrum of topics from Science, Medicine, Environment, IT, Literature, Entertainment, History, Geography, Polity, Ethics, Social Justice, International Relations, Current Affairs and Sports.

The 1040 page Manorama Yearbook is a treasure trove of information and statistics which is much sought-after by students preparing for various competitive exams ranging from Civil Services, Banks, Railways, UPSC and PSC exams across the country

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Names of the various versions of the Android Operating System

Names of the various versions of the Android Operating System

  • 1) Alpha (1.0)Android
  • 2) Beta (1.1)
  • 3) Cupcake (1.5)
  • 4) Donut (1.6)
  • 5) Eclair (2.0-2.1)
  • 6) Froyo (2.2-2.2.3)
  • 7) Gingerbread (2.3-2.3.7)
  • 8) Honeycomb (3.0-3.2.6)
  • 9) Ice Cream Sandwich (4.0-4.0.4)
  • 10) Jelly Bean (4.1-4.3.1)
  • 11) KitKat (4.4-4.4.4)
  • 12) Lollipop (5.0)

 

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Nobel Prize 2014 – Winners List

Nobel Prize 2014 – Winners List

Dr. Francis Crick's Nobel Prize Medal on Heritage Auctions

  • The Nobel Prize in Physics 2014: Isamu Akasaki (Japan), Hiroshi Amano (Japan) and Shuji Nakamura (Japan) - “for the invention of efficient blue light-emitting diodes which has enabled bright and energy-saving white light sources”.
  • The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2014: Eric Betzig (USA), Stefan W. Hell (Romania) and William E. Moerner (USA) - “for the development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy”.
  • The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2014: John O’Keefe (USA), May-Britt Moser (Norway) and Edvard I. Moser (Norway) - “for their discoveries of cells that constitute a positioning system in the brain”.
  • The Nobel Prize in Literature 2014: Patrick Modiano (France) - “for the art of memory with which he has evoked the most ungraspable human destinies and uncovered the life-world of the occupation”.
  • The Nobel Peace Prize 2014: Kailash Satyarthi (India) and Malala Yousafzay (Pakistan) - “for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education”.
  • The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2014: Jean Tirole (France) - “for his analysis of market power and regulation”.

Child labour activist Satyarthi became India’s 8th Nobel laureate while the champion for children’s education Malala became her country’s second citizen to be given the most coveted prize. Malala is also the youngest to be awarded the globally prestigious annual prize.

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