Posts Tagged ‘Study Materials’

Winners of Nobel Prize from India

The Nobel prizes are presented annually on December 10. It is awarded for outstanding contributions in Peace, Literature, Physiology or Medicine, Physics, Chemistry (from 1901) and Economics (from 1969). The Peace Prize is awarded in Oslo, Norway, while the other prizes are awarded in Stockholm, Sweden.

Winners of Nobel Prize from India are:

  • Rabindranath Tagore (Citizen of India) – Literature (1913)
  • C.V. Raman (Citizen of India) – Physics (1930)
  • Hargobind Khorana (Foreign citizen of Indian origin) – Medicine (1968)
  • Mother Teresa (Foreign born citizen of India) – Peace (1979)
  • Subrahmanyam Chandrasekar (Indian-born American citizen) – Physics (1983)
  • Amartya Sen (Citizen of India) – Economic Sciences (1998)
  • V.S.Naipaul (Indian descendant UK citizen) – Literature (2001)
  • Venkatraman Ramakrishnan (Indian born American Citizen) – Chemistry (2009)

CLICK HERE for Study Materials (GK, Current Affairs, Books and Guides on All Competitive Examinations)



Malala Yousafzai awarded 2013 International Children’s Peace Prize

Malala YousafzaiTeenage activist Malala Yousafzai (Pakistan), shot in the head by a Taliban militant last October after campaigning for girls right to education, has won the prestigious International Children’s Peace Prize, KidsRights announced on August 27, 2013.

The Pakistani 16-year-old will receive the award from 2011 Nobel Peace Prize winner and women’s rights campaigner Tawakkol Karman at a glittering ceremony in The Hague on September 6, 2013.

Last year’s (2012) International Children’s Peace Prize winner was 13-year-old Cris Kesz Valdez (Philippines) for his work with Filipino street children while he himself was destitute.

The International Children’s Peace Prize is awarded annually to a child who has made a significant contribution to advocating children’s rights and improving the situation of vulnerable children such as orphans, child labourers and children with HIV/AIDS. 

The prize is an initiative of the KidsRights Foundation, an international children’s aid and advocacy organisation based in Amsterdam, the Netherlands., was launched in 2005 by former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, when he chaired the Summit of Nobel Peace Laureates in Rome.

CLICK HERE for Study Materials (GK, Current Affairs) on All Competitive Exams


Goodbye Telegram! – The 163-year old telegram service in the country to close forever at 9pm today (14-07-2013).

The 163-year old telegram service in the country will operate for the last time today (14-07-2013). The service started at 8 am and will close by 9 pm. The service will not be available from Monday (15-07-2013).

Final Telegram

It was such an important mode of communication in those days that revolutionaries fighting for the country’s independence used to cut the telegram lines to stop the British from communicating. Old timers recall that receiving a telegram would be an event itself and the messages were normally opened with a sense of trepidation as people feared for the welfare of their near and dear ones.

State-run telecom firm BSNL (Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited) has decided to discontinue telegrams following a huge shortfall in revenue. The use of telegrams has declined with the spread of mobile phones and the Internet in the country.

In India, the first experimental electric telegraph line was started between Kolkata and Diamond Harbour in 1850 and it was opened for use by the British East India Company the following year. In 1854, the service was made available to the public.

CLICK HERE for All Kinds of Study Materials (Books/Guides) at Lowest Price!


First in India

  • First woman to win Miss World title – Reita Faria (1966)
  • First woman to win Miss Universe title – Sushmita Sen (1994)
  • First woman to swim across the English Channel – Arati Saha (1959)
  • First woman to go into the space – Kalpana Chawla (1997)
  • First woman to get Nobel Prize – Mother Teresa (1979)
  • First woman to climb Mount Everest twice – Santhosh Yadav (1992, 1993)
  • First woman to climb Mount Everest – Bachendri Pal (1984)
  • First woman Speaker of Lok SabhaMeira Kumar (2009)
  • First woman Prime Minister of India – Indira Gandhi (1966)
  • First woman President of India – Pratibha Patil (2007)
  • First woman Minister – Vijayalakshmi Pandit (1937)
  • First woman Judge of Supreme Court – Fatima Beevi (1989)
  • First woman IPS officer – Kiran Bedi (1972)
  • First woman IAS officer – Anna George Malhotra (1950)
  • First woman Governor of a state (Uttar Pradesh) – Sarojini Naidu (1947)
  • First woman Chief Minister of a state (Uttar Pradesh) – Sucheta Kripalani (1963)
  • First woman airline pilot – Durba Banerji (1956)
  • First Viceroy of India – Lord Canning (1858)
  • First talkie film – Alam Ara (1931)
  • First satellite – Aryabhatta (1975)
  • First Prime Minister of India – Jawaharlal Nehru (1947)
  • First President of Indian National Congress – W.C. Bonnerjee (1885)
  • First President of India – Dr. Rajendra Prasad (1950)
  • First newspaper – Bengal Gazette (1780)
  • First Muslim woman to sit on the throne of Delhi – Razia Sultana (1236)
  • First Mughal Emperor in India – Babar (1526)
  • First man to swim across the English Channel – Mihir Sen (1958)
  • First man to make a commercial flight – J.R.D. Tata (1932)
  • First man to go into the space – Rakesh Sharma (1984)
  • First man to get Nobel Prize – Rabindranath Tagore (1913)
  • First man to climb Mount Everest – Tenzing Norgay (1953)
  • First Indian individual to win a Gold Medal in Olympics – Abhinav Bindra (2008)
  • First Indian to win an Oscar – Bhanu Athaiya (1982)
  • First Governor-General of India – Warren Hastings (1772)
  • First Governor-General of free India – Lord Mountbatten (1947)
  • First full-length film – Raja Harishchandra (1913)
  • First (last) Indian Governor General of free India – Rajagopalachari (1948)

CLICK HERE for Study Materials on All Competitive Exams



General Knowledge (GK) and Current Affairs for Competitive Exams

  • Aligarh Muslim University in UP was established by Sir Syed Ahmed Khan as Madrasatul Uloom Musalmanan-e-Hind, in 1875.
  • October 8 – Indian Air Force Day‎.
  • Traditional Knowledge Digital Library was set up in 2001.
  • United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea came into effect from November 16, 1994.
  • On December 7, 1941, the Japanese airforce bombed the American fleet stationed at Pearl Harbour.
  • A research led by scientists of the Yale University says that a planet, orbiting a star about 40 light years from Earth, is twice the size of our planet and is covered in diamond and graphite.
  • Nobel Prize in Economics, officially the Sveriges Riksbank (Sweden’s central bank) Prize in Economic was established in 1968 and was first awarded in 1969.
  • Alfred Nobel (1833-1896) was born in Stockholm, Sweden, on October 21, 1833.
  • The National Law School of India University, Bangalore was officially founded on August 29, 1987.
  • Dengue fever, also known as breakbone fever, caused by the dengue virus. Primary life cycle of the dengue virus involves humans & mosquitoes.
  • A fruit is a matured or ripened ovary.
  • The branch of science that deals with the characteristic features of fruit is called Pomology.
  • The Central Coffee Research Institute (CCRI), established during 1925, located in Karnataka.
  • Dr. Coleman – Founder of Coffee Research in India.
  • Vijayadashami also known as Dussehra, is one of the most important festivals celebrated in various forms, across India, Nepal and Bangladesh.
  • The immediate cause for the outbreak of the First World War was the murder of the Austrian crown prince Francis Ferdinand and his wife.
  • Hilary Mary Mantel (England) is the first woman to receive the Man Booker Prize award twice: (1) Wolf Hall (2009) (2) Bring Up The Bodies (2012).
  • India’s Nuclear Tests: 1) Pokhran-I (Smiling Buddha) on 18 May 1974. 2) Pokhran-II (Operation Shakti) on 11 May 1998.
  • FRED (Federal Reserve Economic Data) is a database of more than 61,000 economic time series from 47 sources maintained by the FRB of St. Louis.
  • Sydney Sixers beat Highveld Lions to win 2012 Champions League T20.
  • Indian F1 2012: Sebastian Vettel wins again, Alonso finishes second.
  • The Moortidevi Award (literary) – Presented by the Bharatiya Jnanpith organization for a work which emphasizes Indian philosophy and culture.
  • The history of the Indian fertilizer industry dates back to 1906, when the first fertilizer factory opened at Ranipet (Tamil Nadu).
  • The National Policy on Electronics was released on 3rd Oct 2011.
  • ‘Dhan Laxmi’ is a Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT) Scheme for the girl child with insurance cover, launched by central govt on 3rd March 2008.
  • Virat Kohli will get the Polly Umrigar Award for being India’s top international cricketer for 2011-12.
  • 15 October – Global Handwashing Day.
  • Mohiniyattam is a classical dance form from Kerala. It is one of the eight Indian classical dance forms recognized by the Sangeet Natak Akademi.
  • Roger Federer is a Swiss professional tennis player.
  • Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) is an effort to universalize elementary education by community-ownership of the school.
  • The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a space-based satellite navigation system that provides location and time information in all weather.
  • Indian Constitution (Articles)

          74 – Council of Ministers.

          356 – Emergency.

          368 – Amendment Procedure.

          370 – Jammu and Kashmir.

  • Direct Action Day – 16 Aug 1946.
  • Interim Government of India – 2 Sept 1946.
  • Mountbatten Plan – 3 June 1947.
  • Attlee’s statement – 20 Feb 1947.
  • The Public Accounts Committee (PAC) is formed every year with a strength of not more than 22 members of which 15 are from Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Parliament, and 7 from Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Parliament.
  • Tulsi Gabbard Becomes First Hindu – American to be elected to US House.
  • The World Scout Foundation (WSF) was inaugurated on 14th February 1969 but reorganized in the current form in 1977.

TNPSC plans to go hi-tech to plug loopholes: Encrypted, computer-based question paper system coming

Stung by the question paper leak that led to the cancellation of the Group-II Services examination, the Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission (TNPSC) has decided to introduce encrypted and computer-based question paper system. The move is expected to do away with manually printed question papers in a phased manner. Tenders would be floated shortly to finalise the company that specialises in the concept of online/system-based question papers, TNPSC sources said on Wednesday.

To start with, the commission would employ cloud technology and load encrypted question papers that can be accessed by examination centres a couple of hours before the scheduled examination. Question papers would be printed on-the-site and given to the candidates. “This will be a fail-safe system which we will be introducing in one of the examinations shortly. The encrypted question papers would be uploaded a couple of hours ahead of the examination and all centres will have a printing mechanism,” TNPSC Chairman R. Nataraj told ‘The Hindu’ on Wednesday.

He said the commission also had plans to introduce online question paper system. Though the technology was available, the availability of resources had to be assessed considering the large number of candidates appearing for TNPSC examinations.

In another development, the TNPSC would introduce computer-based tests to a select few examinations. In the proposed system, candidates would be able to access the question paper on computer screens installed in the examination hall, the sources said.



CLICK HERE for Study Materials / Books/ Guides on TNPSC, TRB, TET, STET, CTET, GATE, IBPS, SBI, RRB, SSC, TANCET and all other Competitive Examinations


TET Study Materials, Paper-1, Paper-2, Books, Guides etc. Teacher Eligibility Test (TET) Exam Study Materials, CTET Study Materials

CLICK HERE for TET (CTET/STET) Study Materials, Books / Guides


Tamil Nadu Teachers Recruitment Board conducted Teacher Eligibility Test (TET) for Paper I and Paper-II on 12-07-2012. 2, 88,588 candidates wrote exam for Paper-I and 3, 88,175 candidates wrote exam for Paper-II. (Totally: 6, 76,763). Tamil Nadu Teacher Eligibility Test (TNTET) result 2012 has been declared. CLICK HERE for TNTET Exam Results 2012.

Raising concerns about the poor calibre of teachers in taking competitive tests, less than 1% of candidates who sat for the Tamil Nadu Teacher Eligibility Test on July 12 passed. Candidates attributed the poor result to the lack of time to complete the exam. The low pass percentage in the TET has forced the TRB to conduct a supplementary test on October 3 2012, which will be declared a holiday for schools. The duration of the examination will be increased from one-and-half hours to three hours. The results are expected to be out before the end of October.

The Right to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act mandates that all teachers of Classes 1 to 8 and those aspiring to become teachers clear the test to ensure quality education for students.

CLICK HERE for TET (CTET/STET) Exam Materials, Books / Guides


%d bloggers like this: