Jute is called the “Golden Fibre of India” because India earns valuable foreign exchange by exporting Jute. Its fibre is used in manufacturing jute textiles and packing materials.
Jute requires a high temperature of 30°C and rainfall of more than 150 cm. Well drained fertile alluvial and loamy soils are ideal for cultivation of jute. Cheap and skilled labour is required to obtain the fibre by retting of the plant.
‘Retting’ is a microbiological process, which loosens the outer bark and makes it easier to remove fibres from the stalk. Plant is dipped in stagnant water for 2-3 weeks in order to soften the outer bark.
West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, Orissa and Meghalaya are the major producers of jute.
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