National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPR)

The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) was set up in March 2007 under the Commission for Protection of Child Rights Act, 2005, an Act of Parliament (December 2005). The Commission’s Mandate is to ensure that all Laws, Policies, Programmes, and Administrative Mechanisms are in consonance with the Child Rights perspective as enshrined in the Constitution of India and also the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. The Child is defined as a person in the 0 to 18 years age group.

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The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) emphasizes the principle of universality and inviolability of child rights and recognizes the tone of urgency in all the child related policies of the country. For the Commission, protection of all children in the 0 to 18 years age group is of equal importance. Thus, policies define priority actions for the most vulnerable children. This includes focus on regions that are backward or on communities or children under certain circumstances, and so on.


FIFA World Cup final 2014 – Germany beat Argentina 1-0

     FIFA World Cup Brasil 2014Mario Goetze scored a superb extra time winner as Germany beat Argentina 1-0 to become the first European team to win a World Cup held in South America. Germany has now won four World Cups, putting the European powerhouse just one behind Brazil’s record tally of five.

Bayern Munich star Goetze struck in the 113th minute to finally break Argentina’s resistance as Lionel Messi’s dream of emulating Diego Maradona ended in defeat

  • Golden Ball Award: Golden Ball was awarded to Argentina captain Lionel Messi for his outstanding displays at Brazil 2014.
  • Golden Boot Award: Golden Boot was awarded goes to the top goal scorer at the FIFA World Cup who at Brazil 2014 was Colombia’s James Rodriguez.

  • Golden Glove Award: Golden Glove was awarded to the tournament’s most outstanding goalkeeper who at Brazil 2014 was deemed to be Germany’s Manuel Neuer.

  • Young Player Award: Young Player award was awarded to France’s Paul Pogba for his excellent displays at Brazil 2014. 

  • Fair Play Award: The FIFA Fair Play Award will go to the team with the tournament’s best disciplinary record. Only teams that reach the knockout phase are eligible. Colombia won this award.

  • Final Tournament Standings:

        Winner: Germany

        Runners-Up: Argentina

        Third: Netherlands


FIFA 2014 Champions

  • 2018 FIFA World Cup – Russia
  • 2022 FIFA World Cup  – Qatar

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Quorum, Lame-duck Session, Question Hour and Zero Hour


Quorum is the minimum number of members required to be present in the House (Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha) before it can transact any business. It is one-tenth of the total number of members in each House including the presiding officer. It means that there must be at least 55 members present in the Lok Sabha and 25 members present in the Rajya Sabha, if any business is to be conducted. If there is no quorum during a meeting of the House, it is the duty of the presiding officer either to adjourn the House or to suspend the meeting until there is a quorum.

Lame-duck Session

It refers to the last session of the existing Lok Sabha, after a new Lok Sabha has been elected. Those members of the existing Lok Sabha who could not get re-elected to the new Lok Sabha are called lame-ducks.

Question Hour

The first hour of every parliamentary sitting is slotted for this. During this time, the members ask questions and the ministers usually give answers. The questions are of three kinds, namely, starred, unstarred and short notice.

  • A starred question (distinguished by an asterisk) requires an oral answer and hence supplementary questions can follow.
  • An unstarred question, on the other hand, requires a written answer and hence, supplementary questions cannot follow.
  • A short notice question is one that is asked by giving a notice if less than ten days. It is answered orally.

Zero Hour

Unlike the question hour, the zero hour is not mentioned in the Rules of Procedure. Thus it is an informal device available to the members of the Parliament to raise matters without any prior notice. The zero hour starts immediately after the question hour and last until the agenda for the day is taken up. In other words, the time gap between the question hour and the agenda is known as zero hour. It is an Indian innovation in the field of parliamentary procedures and has been in existence since 1962.

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TNPSC CSSE-II (GROUP-2A) EXAM (29-06-2014) Tentative Answer Keys – General Studies (GS) – General Tamil (GT) – General English (GE) – Download Now!


(Date of Examination: 29.06.2014)

26 June – International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking

2014 Theme: A message of hope: Drug use disorders are preventable and treatable

       By resolution 42/112 of 7 December 1987, the General Assembly of United Nation decided to observe 26 June as the International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking as an expression of its determination to strengthen action and cooperation to achieve the goal of an international society free of drug abuse. This resolution recommended further action with regard to the report and conclusions of the 1987 International Conference on Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking.


The end of the first century of drug control (it all started in Shanghai in 1909) coincided with the closing of the UNGASS decade (launched in 1998 by a General Assembly Special Session on Drugs). These anniversaries stimulated reflection on the effectiveness, and the limitations, of drug policy. The review resulted in the reaffirmation that illicit drugs continue to pose a health danger to humanity. That’s why drugs are, and should remain, controlled. With this sanction in mind, Member States confirmed unequivocal support for the UN Conventions that have established the world drug control system.

The General Assembly recognized that despite continued and increased efforts by the international community, the world drug problem continues to constitute a serious threat to public health, the safety and well-being of humanity, in particular young people, and the national security and sovereignty of States, and that it undermines socio-economic and political stability and sustainable development. It encouraged the Commission and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) to continue their work on international drug control and urged all Governments to provide the fullest possible financial and political support to enable UNODC to continue, expand and strengthen its operational and technical cooperation activities, within its mandates.

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TNPSC VAO EXAM (14-06-2014) Answer Key Updates

  • Who is the authority to the taken over the relinquishment of land? Answer: Tahsildar
  • Brahmadayam means Answer: The Inam given to Brahmins and other religious persons for their personal use
  • Which is the first state to introduce the Mass Contact Programme / Manu Neethi Thittam? Answer: Tamil Nadu
  • In village Accounts, Account Number 20 deals with which one of the following? Answer: Rainfall
  • Match List I with List II and choose the correct one. Answer: (a) Account No. 10(1) – Pattawise Chitta (b) Account No. 13 – Daily Collection Account (c) Account No. 19 – Birth and Death Account (d) Account No. 1 – Monthly Cultivation Account
  • A Fasli year commencing from and ending with? Answer: July to June
  • In Tamil Nadu, in which year Revenue Administration name is renamed as Revenue Administration and Disaster and Mitigation Department? Answer: 2003 (27.05.2003)
  • In general, the Trees, Buildings and Government poramboke lands are protected in the village by? Answer: Village Administrative Officer
  • The Descriptive Memoir of Revenue village is mentioned in ______ Registers. Answer: ‘A’ Register
  • As per the Tamil Nadu Land reforms (Fixation of Ceiling on Land) Act, 1961, ceiling is fixed for a family consisting of 5 members is Answer: 15 Standard Acres
  • Which one of the following is objectionable Poramboke? Answer: Graveyard Poramboke
  • Which one of the following is/are correctly matched? Answer: Village Account No. 10(I) – Chitta showing the landholdings of each ryot with the assigned patta number.
  • Which one the following is/are TRUE? Answer: I. Deserted women certificate shall be issued by Tahsildar. II. Inter-Caste marriage certificate shall be issued by Tahsildar.
  • The Maximum period for granting lease of land is (as per the RSO 24A) Answer: 3 years.
  • A village statistical register should be prepared once in Answer: 10 years
  • The annual average rainfall to Tamilnadu is Answer: 979 mm
  • Village account No 24 deals with Answer: Annual mines register
  • Among the irrigation sources, water available from 5 to 8 months comes under which one of the following category? Answer: Third class
  • One hectare is equal to Answer: 10,000 square metres
  • In which year Direct Recruitment to the Village Administrative Officer post was come under the purview of Tamilnadu Public Service Commission? Answer: 1980
  • How many acres is one Hectare? Answer: 2.47 acre
  • Who is the District Registrar of Birth and Death? Answer: District Social Welfare Officer
  • The Government of India enacted the Disaster Management Act in _______ year. Answer: 2005
  • Marriage Assistance to the male members provided by which scheme? Answer: Chief Minister Uzhavar Padhukappu Thittam
  • Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: Answer: (a) Tamil Nadu Revenue Recovery Act – 1864 (b) Tamil Nadu Land Encroachment Act – 1905 (c) Registration of Birth and Death Act – 1969 (d) Tamil Nadu Birth and Death Registration – 2000

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India’s 29th State – Telangana

      On 2 June 2014 (Monday), Telangana became the 29th state of India, consisting of the parts carved out of the ten north western districts of the erstwhile state of Andhra Pradesh. The city of Hyderabad will serve as the joint capital of Telangana and the residuary Andhra Pradesh for up to ten years.

Telangana EmblemTelangana is bordered by the states of Maharashtra to the north and north-west, Karnataka to the west, Chhattisgarh to the north-east and Andhra Pradesh to the south and east. Telangana has an area of 114,840 square kilometers. Hyderabad, Warangal, Nizamabad, and Karimnagar are the four largest cities in the state. Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) chief K Chandrasekhar Rao on June 02, 2014 took over as the 1st Chief Minister of Telangana.

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