Malwa Plateau – Chotanagpur Plateau – Deccan Plateau

Malwa Plateau:

This plateau is drained by the North flowing chambhal and its tributaries. The plateau is composed of extensive lava flows and covered with black soil. It is dissected by many rivers. Its eastern part is covered by Bundhelkand and Bhagelkand.

Chotanagpur Plateau:

This plateau extends eastwards from Baghelkhand plateau. It covers southern part of Bihar, the adjoining eastern fringes of Madhya Pradesh and Purulia district of West Bengal. The average height of the plateau is 700m. Its continuity ends in Rajmahal hills in the east. Then there is the gap through which the Ganga flows. The eastern plateau continues further east as Shillong plateau in Meghalaya.

Deccan Plateau:

The Deccan Plateau is the largest plateau of the peninsular region. It is triangular in shape bounded by the ‘SatpuraMahadevMaikala ranges’ in the north, the Western Ghats in the west and the ‘Eastern Ghats in the east’. The north-western part of the Deccan plateau is made up of lava flows or the igneous rock called basalt or Deccan trap as it is specially known. These rocks, several 100 meters thick, are spread over the whole of Maharashtra and parts of Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh and form the Maharashtra plateau. The south eastern part of the Deccan plateau is known as Telengana while south – western side is called Karnataka plateau. Its eastward flowing rivers suggest that it slopes gently from west to east.




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