India created history on Wednesday, (September 24, 2014) becoming the first country to successfully get a spacecraft into the Martian orbit on its maiden attempt.
The Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), also called Mangalyaan is a “technology demonstrator” project aiming to develop the technologies required for design, planning, management, and operations of an interplanetary mission.
NASA’s The Canberra Deep Space Communication Complex in Australia which is managed by CSIRO Astronomy and Space Science got the first signals which were relayed to the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
November 5, 2013: ISRO’s PSLV C25 launched India’s Mars Orbiter Mission from Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh.
September 24, 2014: Mars Orbiter Mission reaches the intended orbit around Mars, making India the first country in the world to have successfully launched its mission to the red planet on the very first attempt.
NASA’s Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN), which reached the red planet just 48 hours before Mangalyaan entered the planet’s orbit. MAVEN was launched in November 2013 with an objective to greatly enhance understanding of Mars’ climate history by providing a comprehensive picture of the planet’s upper atmosphere, ionosphere, solar energy drivers and atmospheric losses.