The jute industry is concerned mainly with the production of gunny bags or sacks, gunny cloth, coarse carpets, rugs, waterproof covers, tarpaulins and canvas. The first jute mill in India was established at ‘Rishra‘ near Kolkata in 1855 by the English men George Aukland. Before 1947 India enjoyed a monopoly in the production of raw jute as well as manufactured jute. In 1947, the country was partitioned and jute mills remained in India where as the major jute growing areas were partitioned to Bangladesh (East Pakistan). At present the country has self sufficiency in the production of raw Jute. Most of the Jute mills of India are centralised in ‘Hooghly Basin’ of the West Bengal.
In addition to West Bengal, Jute mills are also located in Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Orissa. India exports jute products to Australia, U.K., Thailand, U.S.A., Canada, Argentina, East Africa, New Zealand and Indonesia.