Theme of Economic Planning – Poverty Alleviation Programmes

Poverty alleviation and improving the living standards of people have been the central theme of Economic planning. In recent years a number of Poverty Alleviation Programmes (PAP) have been launched. They are as follows.

  • IRDP: Integrated Rural Development Propgramme – launched in 1979
  • TRYSEM: Training of Rural Youth for Self Employment – August 15, 1979
  • JRY: Jawahar Rozgar Yojana – April 1989
  • NRY: Nehru Rozgar Yojana – Urban counterpart of JRY – It has been in operation since October 11, 1989.
  • SUME: The Scheme of Urban – Micro Enterprises
  • SUWE: The Scheme of Urban – Wage Employment
  • EAS: Employment Assurance Scheme Operational from October 2nd 1993
  • PMRY: Prime Ministers Rozgar Yojana launched on October 2nd 1993
  • PMIUPEP: Prime Ministers Integrated Urban Poverty Eradication Programme launched in November 1995.
  • NSAP: National Social Assistance Programme implemented from 15th August 1995.
  • GKY: Ganga Kalyan Yojana – became operational from 26th January 1997
  • SJSRY: Swarna Jayanthi Shahari RozgarYojana came into effect – Scheme from December 01, 1997.
  • SJGSY: Swarna Jayanthi Gram Swarozgar Yojana – Scheme became fully operative from April 01, 1999. (It comprises of IRDP, DWCRA and TRYSEM).
  • JGSY: Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana – launched on 23rd June 1999.
  • PMGY: Pradan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana – Introduced in 2000-01 focussing village level development in five crucial areas like. Health, Primary Education, Safe drinking water, Housing, Rural roads.
  • JPRGY: Jai Prakash Rozgr Guarantee Yojana – proposed in the Union budget of 2002-03 to provide employment guarantee to the unemployed youths of distressed districts.

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