Pancreas is a long, narrow leaf like digestive gland. It is both exocrine and endocrine (Islets of Langerhans is seen as patches on the pancreas which is endocrine in function). Pancreatic juice contains sodium bi-carbonate which neutralizes Hcl and the enzymes Trypsin, Chymotrypsinogen, Carboxypeptidase, Pancreatic Amylase and Pancreatic Lipase.
- Trypsin – Reduces proteins and peptones to polypeptides.
- Chymotrypsinogen – It is activated by trypsin to form active enzyme. It digests milk protein.
- Carboxypeptidase – It acts on polypeptides and converts into amino acids.
- Pancreatic amylase – It hydrolyses starch into maltose and glucose.
- Pancreatic lipase – It breaks down fats into fatty acids and glycerol.