Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) established in 1942, is an autonomous body and India’s largest Research and Development (R&D) organization, located in New Delhi. Although CSIR is mainly funded by the Ministry of Science and Technology, it operates as an autonomous body registered under the Registration of Societies Act of 1860.
Some Achievements of CSIR:
- In 2009, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) has completed the Human Genome Sequencing.
- In 2011, successfully tested India’s 1st indigenous civilian aircraft, NAL NM5 made in association with National Aerospace Laboratories and Mahindra Aerospace.
- Established first ever in the world ‘Traditional Knowledge Digital Library’ accessible in in five international languages, English, German, French, Japanese and Spanish.
- First to analyze genetic diversity of the indigenous tribes of Andaman and to establish their origin out of Africa 60,000 years ago.
- Achieved the first breakthrough of flowering of Bamboo within weeks as against twenty years in nature.
- Developed the first transgenic Drosophila model for drug screening for cancer in humans.
- Design of 14 seater plane ‘SARAS’.
- First to introduce DNA fingerprinting in India.
- Designed India’s first ever parallel processing computer Flosolver.
- Development of a versatile portable PC-based software ‘Bio-Suite’ for bioinformatics.