Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (1963):
Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty, formally Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapons Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space, and Under Water, treaty signed in Moscow on August 5, 1963. With in a year more than hundred nations signed it. Great Britain, America, and the Soviet Union took part in the conference, which met at Geneva. It was agreed that all tests in the earth’s atmosphere, in the outer space, in the ocean, and under ground should be stopped. Thus nuclear tests were prevented in the atmosphere, outer space and under water.
The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT):
This treaty was adopted by the UN General Assembly on September 10, 1996. But it has not entered into force as of May 2012 as some countries including India have not signed it. These countries must ratify the treaty before it comes into force.