Historical Background of CPSU (Communist Party of the Soviet Union)

In 1917 the social democratic workers’ party (Bolsheviks) had 200000 members. The following year, Vladimir Lenin persuaded members to change the name of the organisation to the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU). Traditionally, the Party Congress elected a 27 member Central Committee every year. Lenin decided this was too large to determine policy and in 1919 the party created a Politburo. This was made up of five members (increased to nine in 1925 and ten in 1930). Its first members were Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky, Joseph Stalin, Lev Kamenev and Nikolai Krestinsky.

There were over 700000 members of the CPSU in 1921. The CPSU was now all powerful and all other political parties were banned. It controlled the government, which consisted of the Council of Peoples’ Commissars, headed by its Chairman (who was “Prime Minister”). The CPSU also appointed all local and national public officials, who had to be members of the party before they could be appointed to these posts.

Gradually power passed from the Politburo to the General Secretary, who controlled the appointment of party members to key jobs throughout the country. Joseph Stalin, who became General Secretary in April, 1922, dominated the CPSU after the death of Vladimir Lenin in January, 1924.

After Stalin, CPSU was headed by different leaders. But Russia, which was behind the “Iron Curtain” was brought to the forefront by Mikail Gorbachev.

 

CLICK HERE for Study Materials, Year Books, Guides on Competitive Exams like UPSC-CSAT, IBPS-Banking (Clerical, PO, etc) , SBI, TRB, TET, TANCET, EPFO, SSA, TNPSC and other PSC Exams, NET, SLET, AIEEE, General Knowledge (GK), Current Affairs and Much More!

 

♦♦♦♦♦

2 responses to this post.

  1. Posted by G.Vijayakumar on May 22, 2012 at 10:50 am

    thank you

    Reply

  2. Posted by P.MALATHI on May 18, 2012 at 5:15 pm

    Respected Sir,
    This site is very useful to me.i need last 5years group-IV model question papers send me my email id.
    thank you

    Reply

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: