Routine Immunization Programme

Immunization programme is one of the key interventions for protection of children from life threatening conditions, which are preventable. Immunization Programme in India was introduced in 1978 as Expanded Programme of Immunization. This gained momentum in 1985 as Universal Immunization Programme (UIP) and implemented in phased manner to cover all districts in the country by 1989-90. UIP became a part of Child Survival and Safe Motherhood Programme in 1992. Since 1997, immunization activities have been an important component of National Reproductive and Child Health Programme.  Immunization is one of the key areas under National Rural Health Mission (NHRM) launched in 2005.

Under the Immunization Programme, Government of India is providing vaccination to prevent six vaccine preventable diseases i.e. Tuberculosis, Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus, Polio, and Measles. The vaccination schedule is as under:

  • BCG (Bacillus Calmette Guerin) – Birth
  • DPT (Diphtheria, Pertussis and Tetanus Toxoid) – 6, 10, 14 weeks and at 16-24 months of age
  • OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine) – 6, 10, 14 weeks and 16-24 months of age and birth dose for institutional delivery
  • Measles – 9-12 months of age
  • DT (Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoid) – 5 years of age
  • TT (Tetanus Toxoid) – 10 years and 16 years of age
  • TT for pregnant woman – two doses or one dose if previously vaccinated within 3 years

 

CLICK HERE for India 2012 (A Reference Annual – Yearbook) by Publication Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India.

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One response to this post.

  1. Posted by selvam on March 13, 2012 at 10:02 am

    all the informations are very useful for competative exams thank you

    Reply

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