The National Party ruled South Africa from 1948 to 1990. An African dominated Republic was formed on May 31, 1961. The policy of apartheid was followed for many years. Apartheid means racial segregation. South Africans were segregated from whites. Separate schools, Universities and residential areas were established for each group. Apartheid became an official policy of the government of South Africa.
Nelson Mandela was released from prison in 1990, after 26 years of imprisonment. In 1991, the government repealed all the laws related to apartheid. Mandela continued to fight all traces of racial injustice in South Africa including laws denying the Africans the Right to Vote.
The ban on ANC (African National Congress) was lifted and the provision of free and fair election was given. A new Constitution was framed and all the South Africans were given the right to vote. Elections were held in April 1994. Nelson Mandela became the President of the Republic of South Africa.