The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is the primary body for space research under the control of Government of India established on 15th August 1969. ISRO’s headquarters is in Bangalore, India. The Indian Government established the Department of Space (DOS) in 1972 to promote development and application of space science and technology for socio – economic benefits.
Aryabhatta: The first Indian Satellite was launched into a near earth orbit on April 19, 1975 by an Intercosmos rocket of the erstwhile Russia, for conducting scientific experiments in space and to gain experience in the design, fabrication and operation of a complete system.
Bhaskara – I & II: They carried two TV cameras, one in visible and the other in near – infrared band, and a 3 – frequency passive microwave radiometer.
APPLE (Ariane Passenger Payload Experiment): It was used to conduct several communication experiments.
Rohini series: While the first Rohini satellite was used to measure the performance parameters of SLV 3, the second and third carried landmark sensor payloads viz. Stretched Rohini Series Satellites, SROSS C and SROSS C2.
Satellite telecommunication experiment project (STEP)provided experience in the operation of geostationary satellite system for domestic telecommunication in designing and building ground infrastructure.
On 22nd October 2008, ISRO successfully launched its first lunar probe, Chandrayaan-1 and operated until August 2009 (Chandrayaan-1 Mission was intended for 2 years and the duration achieved was 312 days). ISRO plans to put two astronauts into orbit in 2015.