General Awareness – Points to Remember

  • Culture of fish is called pisciculture.
  • Prawn culture fetches a lot of foreign exchange into Indian markets.
  • Algae are the primary producers in marine environment. Algae like Porphyraare eaten in Japan; Spirulinais a blue green alga which is cultured in CFTRI, Mysore.
  • Pearl oysters produce the Pearls.
  • Mussels are bivalves cultured for their food value.
  • The specially bred earthworms are used to convert organic matter into compost.
  • The breakdown of organic materials by worm activity is called Vermicompost.
  • Biomedical instrumentation has evolved into a popular branch of science technology.
  • A graphic record of the electrical variations produced by the beating of heart during contraction relaxation is called Electrocardiogram.
  • Sphygmomanometer is an instrument used to measure blood pressure.
  • CT scan is used to diagnose many diseases of the heart, cancer etc.
  • Dialysis is a clinical device involving a technique used for removing waste products from blood and excess fluids from the body when kidneys fail to do their function.
  • Laparoscopy, Endoscopy helps in the diagnosis of diseases inside the body.
  • Eye lens implantation is followed in the case of cataract and in refractive surgeries.
  • The replacement of lost or diseased blood using donor blood is called blood transfusion.
  • The replacement of a lost organ or tissue with another organ or tissue from another person is called organ / tissue transplantation.

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