General Knowledge

  • Staff Selection Commission (SSC) initially known as Subordinate Service Commission was set up on 1 July 1976.
  • The design of the National Flag was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on 22 July 1947.
  • The Flag Code of India, 2002, has taken effect from 26 January 2002.
  • The song Jana-ganamana (National Anthem), composed originally in Bengali by Rabindranath Tagore, was adopted in its Hindi version by the Constituent Assembly as the National Anthem of India on 24 January 1950. It was first sung on 27 December 1911 at the Kolkata Session of the Indian National Congress (INC).
  • The song Vande Mataram (National Song), composed in Sanskrit by Bankimchandra Chatterji. The first political occasion when it was sung was the 1896 session of the Indian National Congress.
  • The national calendar based on the Saka Era, with Chaitra as its first month and a normal year of 365 days was adopted from 22 March 1957 along with the Gregorian calendar.
  • By the 42nd Amendment of the Constitution, adopted in 1976, Fundamental Duties of the citizens have also been enumerated. Article 51 ‘A’ contained in Part IV A of the Constitution deals with Fundamental Duties.
  • Following the Constitution 84th Amendment Act, 2001 the total number of existing seats as allocated to various States in the Lok Sabha on the basis of the 1971 census shall remain unaltered till the first census to be taken after the year 2026.
  • Rajya Sabha, at present, has 245 seats. Of these, 233 members represent the States and the Union Territories and 12 members are nominated by the President. (totally 250 seats, 238+12).
  • The Lok Sabha at present consists of 545 members. Of these, 530 members are directly elected from the States and 13 from Union Territories while two are nominated by the President to represent the Anglo-Indian community. (totally 552 seats, 530+20+2).
  • The Lok Sabha is composed of representatives of people chosen by direct election on the basis of adult suffrage. The maximum strength of the House envisaged by the Constitution is now 552 (530 members to represent the States, 20 members to represent the Union Territories and not more than two members of the Anglo-Indian community to be nominated by the President).
  • The Youth Parliament Scheme was first introduced in the Schools in Delhi in 1966-67.
  • A Committee of Parliament on Official Language was constituted in 1976 under section 4 of the Official Languages Act, 1963 to periodically review the progress in the use of Hindi as the Official Language of the Union and to submit a report to the President.
  • Article 343 (1) of the Constitution provides that Hindi in Devanagari script shall be the Official Language of the Union.

 

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