MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION (HEART ATTACK)
Myocardial Infarction (Heart attack) is a serious result of Coronary artery disease. Coronary artery disease occurs from atherosclerosis when arteries become narrow or hardened due to cholestol plague built-up. Further narrowing may occur from thrombus (blood clot) that form on the surfaces of plaques. It occurs when a coronary artery is so severely blocked that there is a significant reduction or break in the blood supply. Causing damage or death to a portion of the heart muscle. Depending on the extent of the heart muscle damage, the patient may experience significant disability.
The following risk factors have been associated with a higher incidence of myocardial infarction. Some of these factors are controllable (such as smoking) while others are uncontrollable such as age, genetics, family history.)
Myocardial infarction include medications such as antiplatelets (aspirin) beta blockers, Calcium channel blockers. Coronary angioplasty and coronary artery bypass graft may be performed.