MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION (HEART ATTACK) – Causes – Treatment

MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION (HEART ATTACK)

 

Myocardial Infarction (Heart attack) is a serious result of Coronary artery disease. Coronary artery disease occurs from atherosclerosis when arteries become narrow or hardened due to cholestol plague built-up. Further narrowing may occur from thrombus (blood clot) that form on the surfaces of plaques. It occurs when a coronary artery is so severely blocked that there is a significant reduction or break in the blood supply. Causing damage or death to a portion of the heart muscle. Depending on the extent of the heart muscle damage, the patient may experience significant disability.

Causes:

The following risk factors have been associated with a higher incidence of myocardial infarction. Some of these factors are controllable (such as smoking) while others are uncontrollable such as age, genetics, family history.)

Treatment:

Myocardial infarction include medications such as antiplatelets (aspirin) beta blockers, Calcium channel blockers. Coronary angioplasty and coronary artery bypass graft may be performed.

 

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