The Central Statistical Organisation (CSO) undertook a
countrywide Economic Census, for the first time in 1977 to provide a better frame for conducting follow-up surveys for collection of detailed information particularly from unorganized establishments. The basic information, relating to the distribution of non-agricultural establishments by activity, type of ownership, rural/urban break up and by employment size needed for preparation of a frame for conducting detailed surveys was collected in the Economic Census.
The second and third Economic Censuses were conducted in 1980 and 1990 along with house listing operation of 1981 and 1991 Population Censuses respectively.
The fourth Economic Census was conducted during 1998 in all States/UTs in collaboration with concerned State/UT Directorates of Economics and Statistics.
The Fifth Economic Census was conducted in the year 2005 in all the States/UTs again in collaboration with State/UT Directorates of Economics & Statistics. The Census covered all entrepreneurial activities throughout the country (except crop production and plantation).
The final results of Economic Census 2005 were released on 29th May, 2008. The detailed results of the Economic Census are available on the Ministry’s website viz. www.mospi.gov.in