The climate of India may be broadly described as tropical monsoon type. There are four seasons:
(i) Winter (January-February)
(ii) Hot weather summer (March-May)
(iii) Rainy south-western monsoon (June-September)
(iv) Post-monsoon, also known as north-east monsoon in the southern Peninsula (October-December)
India’s climate is affected by two seasonal winds – the north-east monsoon and the southwest monsoon. The north-east monsoon commonly known as winter monsoon blows from land to sea whereas south-west monsoon known as summer monsoon blows from sea to land after crossing the Indian Ocean, the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal. The south-west monsoon brings most of the rainfall during the year in the country.