Malaria is an acute parasitic illness caused by Plasmodium falciparum or Plasmodium vivax. Mosquitoes, of which there are 9 major species, transmit malaria in India. At the time of independence, there were an estimated 75 million malaria cases and 0.8 million deaths annually. GOI (Government Of India) launched the National Malaria Control Programme (NMCP) in 1953. DDT spraying resulted in a sharp decline in the incidence of malaria in all areas under spray. In 1958, NMCP was converted to the National Malaria Eradication Programme (NMEP) with a view to eradicate malaria from the country. The strategy was highly successful and the cases were reduced to about one lakh and deaths due to malaria were eliminated by 1965-66.
April 25 – World Malaria Awareness Day. World Malaria Awareness Day was designated to be April 25 by the former American President George W. Bush in the year 2007.