Maulana Abul Kalam Azad launched a weekly paper called Al-Hilal (The Crescent) in June 1912 where he challenged the loyalist movement of a group of Indian Muslims towards the British.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was president of the Indian National Congress in 1924 and then from 1940 to 1946. Strongly opposed to the Partition, he blamed the Congress leaders and Mohammed Ali Jinnah equally for it in his autobiography, ‘Indian Wins Freedom’. After India’s Independence, he was minister of education in Jawaharlal Nehru’s cabinet from 1947 to 1958. He was posthumously awarded the ‘Bharat Ratna’ in 1992.