THE UNIQUE IDENTITY NUMBER (UID)
The project (UID) provides a unique identity number, something like the U.S. social security number, to India’s billion-plus citizens, headed by former Infosys chief Nandan Nilekani. It involves setting up a database with the identification details of citizens. It also uses an advanced technology like biometrics.
Biometrics is the science and technology of measuring and analyzing biological data. In information technology, biometrics refers to technologies that measure and analyze human body characteristics, such as fingerprints, eye retinas and irises, voice patterns, facial patterns and hand measurements, for authentication purposes.