Earth Sciences


Recognizing the increasing sensitivities of matters relating to the Earth Science System, Government of India established the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) on 12th July, 2006. The mandate and competence of MoES includes matters relating to Ocean Sciences and Technology, Meteorology, Seismology, Climate Change science and the entire gamut of the earth science system. The structure of the Ministry, besides the central secretariat which is charged with the mandate of policy formation and programme implementation oversight, has an Earth Commission (EC) which comprises of leading scientists, administrators and policy makers who advice the Ministry on overall earth science policy and strategy; an Earth Science Organization (ESO) consisting of scientists, administrators, financial advisors and heads of research institutes under MoES, which lay down and steer the annual action plans of the Ministry. Both the EC and ESO are chaired by Secretary, MoES. At the field level the work of the Ministry is supported by the following organizations:-

  • Indian Meteorological Department (IMD)

  • National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT)

  • National Centre for Antarctic & Ocean Research (NCAOR)

  • Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS)

  • Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM)

  • Integrated Coastal Marine Area Management (ICMAM)

  • Centre for Marine Living Resources & Ecology (CMLRE)

  • National Centre for Seismology, IMD and

  • National Centre for Medium Weather Range Forecasting.



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