Archive for the ‘General Knowledge’ Category

Names of the various versions of the Android Operating System

Names of the various versions of the Android Operating System

  • 1) Alpha (1.0)Android
  • 2) Beta (1.1)
  • 3) Cupcake (1.5)
  • 4) Donut (1.6)
  • 5) Eclair (2.0-2.1)
  • 6) Froyo (2.2-2.2.3)
  • 7) Gingerbread (2.3-2.3.7)
  • 8) Honeycomb (3.0-3.2.6)
  • 9) Ice Cream Sandwich (4.0-4.0.4)
  • 10) Jelly Bean (4.1-4.3.1)
  • 11) KitKat (4.4-4.4.4)
  • 12) Lollipop (5.0)


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Nobel Prize 2014 – Winners List

Nobel Prize 2014 – Winners List

Dr. Francis Crick's Nobel Prize Medal on Heritage Auctions

  • The Nobel Prize in Physics 2014: Isamu Akasaki (Japan), Hiroshi Amano (Japan) and Shuji Nakamura (Japan) - “for the invention of efficient blue light-emitting diodes which has enabled bright and energy-saving white light sources”.
  • The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2014: Eric Betzig (USA), Stefan W. Hell (Romania) and William E. Moerner (USA) - “for the development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy”.
  • The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2014: John O’Keefe (USA), May-Britt Moser (Norway) and Edvard I. Moser (Norway) - “for their discoveries of cells that constitute a positioning system in the brain”.
  • The Nobel Prize in Literature 2014: Patrick Modiano (France) - “for the art of memory with which he has evoked the most ungraspable human destinies and uncovered the life-world of the occupation”.
  • The Nobel Peace Prize 2014: Kailash Satyarthi (India) and Malala Yousafzay (Pakistan) - “for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education”.
  • The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2014: Jean Tirole (France) - “for his analysis of market power and regulation”.

Child labour activist Satyarthi became India’s 8th Nobel laureate while the champion for children’s education Malala became her country’s second citizen to be given the most coveted prize. Malala is also the youngest to be awarded the globally prestigious annual prize.

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India’s maiden Mars mission successful, Mangalyaan enters red planet’s orbit

MOM in Martian OrbitIndia created history on Wednesday, (September 24, 2014) becoming the first country to successfully get a spacecraft into the Martian orbit on its maiden attempt.

The Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), also called Mangalyaan is a “technology demonstrator” project aiming to develop the technologies required for design, planning, management, and operations of an interplanetary mission.

NASA’s The Canberra Deep Space Communication Complex in Australia which is managed by CSIRO Astronomy and Space Science got the first signals which were relayed to the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).

November 5, 2013: ISRO’s PSLV C25 launched India’s Mars Orbiter Mission from Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh.

September 24, 2014: Mars Orbiter Mission reaches the intended orbit around Mars, making India the first country in the world to have successfully launched its mission to the red planet on the very first attempt.

NASA’s Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN), which reached the red planet just 48 hours before Mangalyaan entered the planet’s orbit. MAVEN was launched in November 2013 with an objective to greatly enhance understanding of Mars’ climate history by providing a comprehensive picture of the planet’s upper atmosphere, ionosphere, solar energy drivers and atmospheric losses.

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Lalitha Kumaramangalam – Appointed as Chairperson of National Commission for Women (NCW)

NCW LogoThe National Commission for Women was set up as statutory body in January 1992 under the National Commission for Women Act, 1990 to review the Constitutional and legal safeguards for women; recommend remedial legislative measures, facilitate redressal of grievances and advise the Government on all policy matters affecting women.

The First Commission was constituted on 31st January 1992 with Mrs. Jayanti Patnaik as the Chairperson. On 17 September 2014, Lalitha Kumaramangalam was appointed as chairperson of National Commission for Women (NCW). She was appointed by the Union Minister of Women and Child Development, Menaka Gandhi and she is the eighth chairperson of NCW.


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Teacher’s Day in India and World Teacher’s Day

Sarvepalli-RadhakrishnanTeachers Day in India: Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was an Indian philosopher and statesman who was the first Vice President of India (1952-1962) and the second President of India from 1962 to 1967. Radhakrishnan was awarded several high awards during his life, including the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award in India, in 1954, and honorary membership of the British Royal Order of Merit in 1963. Radhakrishnan believed that teachers should be the best minds in the country”. Since 1962, his birthday (5th September) is celebrated in India as Teacher’s Day.

World Teacher’s Day, held annually on October 5th since 1994, commemorates teacher’s organizations worldwide. Its aim is to mobilize support for teachers and to ensure that the needs of future generations will continue to be met by teachers. According to UNESCO, World Teacher’s Day represents a significant token of the awareness, understanding and appreciation displayed for the vital contribution that teachers make to education and development.

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Dhyan Chand Award

             Dhyan Chand “The Wizard” (29 August Tuesday 1905 – 3 December 1979) was an Indian field hockey player, who is widely considered as the greatest field hockey player of All Time.

Dhyan ChandDhyan Chand Award is India’s highest award for lifetime achievement in sports and games, given by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, Government of India. The award is named after the legendary Indian hockey player Dhyan Chand. The award was initiated in 2002. The award carries a cash prize of INR 500,000, a plaque and a scroll of honour.

29 August, Chand’s birthday, is celebrated as National Sports Day in India. The President gives away sport-related awards such as the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna, Arjuna Award and Dronacharya Award on this day at the Rashtrapati Bhavan, India.

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