Archive for the ‘Current Affairs’ Category

India’s maiden Mars mission successful, Mangalyaan enters red planet’s orbit

MOM in Martian OrbitIndia created history on Wednesday, (September 24, 2014) becoming the first country to successfully get a spacecraft into the Martian orbit on its maiden attempt.

The Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), also called Mangalyaan is a “technology demonstrator” project aiming to develop the technologies required for design, planning, management, and operations of an interplanetary mission.

NASA’s The Canberra Deep Space Communication Complex in Australia which is managed by CSIRO Astronomy and Space Science got the first signals which were relayed to the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).

November 5, 2013: ISRO’s PSLV C25 launched India’s Mars Orbiter Mission from Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh.

September 24, 2014: Mars Orbiter Mission reaches the intended orbit around Mars, making India the first country in the world to have successfully launched its mission to the red planet on the very first attempt.

NASA’s Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN), which reached the red planet just 48 hours before Mangalyaan entered the planet’s orbit. MAVEN was launched in November 2013 with an objective to greatly enhance understanding of Mars’ climate history by providing a comprehensive picture of the planet’s upper atmosphere, ionosphere, solar energy drivers and atmospheric losses.

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Lalitha Kumaramangalam – Appointed as Chairperson of National Commission for Women (NCW)

NCW LogoThe National Commission for Women was set up as statutory body in January 1992 under the National Commission for Women Act, 1990 to review the Constitutional and legal safeguards for women; recommend remedial legislative measures, facilitate redressal of grievances and advise the Government on all policy matters affecting women.

The First Commission was constituted on 31st January 1992 with Mrs. Jayanti Patnaik as the Chairperson. On 17 September 2014, Lalitha Kumaramangalam was appointed as chairperson of National Commission for Women (NCW). She was appointed by the Union Minister of Women and Child Development, Menaka Gandhi and she is the eighth chairperson of NCW.

 

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Teacher’s Day in India and World Teacher’s Day

Sarvepalli-RadhakrishnanTeachers Day in India: Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was an Indian philosopher and statesman who was the first Vice President of India (1952-1962) and the second President of India from 1962 to 1967. Radhakrishnan was awarded several high awards during his life, including the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award in India, in 1954, and honorary membership of the British Royal Order of Merit in 1963. Radhakrishnan believed that teachers should be the best minds in the country”. Since 1962, his birthday (5th September) is celebrated in India as Teacher’s Day.

World Teacher’s Day, held annually on October 5th since 1994, commemorates teacher’s organizations worldwide. Its aim is to mobilize support for teachers and to ensure that the needs of future generations will continue to be met by teachers. According to UNESCO, World Teacher’s Day represents a significant token of the awareness, understanding and appreciation displayed for the vital contribution that teachers make to education and development.

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Dhyan Chand Award

             Dhyan Chand “The Wizard” (29 August Tuesday 1905 – 3 December 1979) was an Indian field hockey player, who is widely considered as the greatest field hockey player of All Time.

Dhyan ChandDhyan Chand Award is India’s highest award for lifetime achievement in sports and games, given by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, Government of India. The award is named after the legendary Indian hockey player Dhyan Chand. The award was initiated in 2002. The award carries a cash prize of INR 500,000, a plaque and a scroll of honour.

29 August, Chand’s birthday, is celebrated as National Sports Day in India. The President gives away sport-related awards such as the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna, Arjuna Award and Dronacharya Award on this day at the Rashtrapati Bhavan, India.

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Commonwealth Games 2014 – India Happy With Top-5 Finish in Glasgow, Scotland

CWG 2014The 2014 Commonwealth Games (officially the XX Commonwealth Games) were held in Glasgow, Scotland, from 23 July to 3 August 2014. There are 71 participating nations at the 2014 Commonwealth Games with approximately 4,950 competing athletes, making it one of the largest Commonwealth Games staged to date. Although there are 53 members of the Commonwealth of Nations, 71 teams participate in the Commonwealth Games, as a number of dependent territories compete under their own flag. The four Home Nations of the United Kingdom-England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland-also send separate teams.

 

2014 CWG: Medal Standings (Top 5 Nations)

 

Rank

Nations

Gold

Silver

Bronze

Total

1

England

58

59

57

174

2

Australia

49

42

46

137

3

Canada

32

16

34

82

4

Scotland

19

15

19

53

5

India

15

30

19

64

 

The 2018 Commonwealth Games will be held in Gold Coast City, Queensland, Australia.

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FIFA World Cup final 2014 – Germany beat Argentina 1-0

     FIFA World Cup Brasil 2014Mario Goetze scored a superb extra time winner as Germany beat Argentina 1-0 to become the first European team to win a World Cup held in South America. Germany has now won four World Cups, putting the European powerhouse just one behind Brazil’s record tally of five.

Bayern Munich star Goetze struck in the 113th minute to finally break Argentina’s resistance as Lionel Messi’s dream of emulating Diego Maradona ended in defeat

  • Golden Ball Award: Golden Ball was awarded to Argentina captain Lionel Messi for his outstanding displays at Brazil 2014.
  • Golden Boot Award: Golden Boot was awarded goes to the top goal scorer at the FIFA World Cup who at Brazil 2014 was Colombia’s James Rodriguez.

  • Golden Glove Award: Golden Glove was awarded to the tournament’s most outstanding goalkeeper who at Brazil 2014 was deemed to be Germany’s Manuel Neuer.

  • Young Player Award: Young Player award was awarded to France’s Paul Pogba for his excellent displays at Brazil 2014. 

  • Fair Play Award: The FIFA Fair Play Award will go to the team with the tournament’s best disciplinary record. Only teams that reach the knockout phase are eligible. Colombia won this award.

  • Final Tournament Standings:

        Winner: Germany

        Runners-Up: Argentina

        Third: Netherlands

        Fourth:Brazil

FIFA 2014 Champions

  • 2018 FIFA World Cup – Russia
  • 2022 FIFA World Cup  – Qatar

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Quorum, Lame-duck Session, Question Hour and Zero Hour

Quorum

Quorum is the minimum number of members required to be present in the House (Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha) before it can transact any business. It is one-tenth of the total number of members in each House including the presiding officer. It means that there must be at least 55 members present in the Lok Sabha and 25 members present in the Rajya Sabha, if any business is to be conducted. If there is no quorum during a meeting of the House, it is the duty of the presiding officer either to adjourn the House or to suspend the meeting until there is a quorum.

Lame-duck Session

It refers to the last session of the existing Lok Sabha, after a new Lok Sabha has been elected. Those members of the existing Lok Sabha who could not get re-elected to the new Lok Sabha are called lame-ducks.

Question Hour

The first hour of every parliamentary sitting is slotted for this. During this time, the members ask questions and the ministers usually give answers. The questions are of three kinds, namely, starred, unstarred and short notice.

  • A starred question (distinguished by an asterisk) requires an oral answer and hence supplementary questions can follow.
  • An unstarred question, on the other hand, requires a written answer and hence, supplementary questions cannot follow.
  • A short notice question is one that is asked by giving a notice if less than ten days. It is answered orally.

Zero Hour

Unlike the question hour, the zero hour is not mentioned in the Rules of Procedure. Thus it is an informal device available to the members of the Parliament to raise matters without any prior notice. The zero hour starts immediately after the question hour and last until the agenda for the day is taken up. In other words, the time gap between the question hour and the agenda is known as zero hour. It is an Indian innovation in the field of parliamentary procedures and has been in existence since 1962.

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